DIVIDE AND CONQUER
BioButanol Conquers Colorado Continental Divide!
have been making some small amounts of BioButanol for about
2 ½ years.
year's serendipitous discovery, of the "James River Mystery
Foam" diatom, has greatly accelerated the steady progress
towards a totally solar algal biomass BioButanol Biogasoline.
development and solar processing methodology, has begun to
advance more rapidly now.
am delighted to report a breakthrough demonstration of algal
BioButanol Biogasoline's potential to replace petroleum gasoline.
work was slow, and somewhat tedious, as only small quantities
of biogasoline were made from scarce algae biomass (the "Holy
Grail" of mass produced Alt/Fuels without detrimentally impacting
farmland use patterns or competing with human food-stocks
for biofuel feed-stocks).
I have now started ramping up production slowly as the more
abundant diatom algal feedstock availability permits.
have made only about 25 gallons of biobutanol so far, of which
about 15 gallons were from the diatom's starch and sugars.
of that has already been consumed in generator and small test
engine, power tests, and in the AlgaeMobile stock-car engine
is assaying as primarily N-BioButanol and Iso-BioButanol with
some Sec-BioButanol co-produced.
worst of the odors come in the early wet algae concentration
step and the solar sterilization oven, algal biomass pre-treatment
is a little like seaweed, decaying on the beach, in the sunlight.
Some butyric acid is produced, as the anaerobic reaction occurs,
but the smell it is really not bad, since the fermentation
consumes the butyric acid rapidly, at the same rate it is
produced, (provided that, I successfully keep removing, the
BioButanol [poop], as fast as it is produced) so that there
is not that much butyric around at any instant
anaerobic fermentation vessel is also sealed to keep oxygen
out, which also suppresses odors quite well.
BioButanol itself, just smells a little like a slightly minty
am currently trying to produce 50-60 gallons, of mixed isomer
BioButanols (but no Tert-Butanol) made entirely with solar
energy, from algae or diatoms, to use in some record-breaking
transcontinental trips, to effectively silence, the endless
parade of ill-informed, or misleading (petroleum industry
shills?) critics who repeatedly assert and falsely claim.
that "all biogasolines have a negative energy in v. energy
have just returned from a trip to NM where I did some serious
high altitude astronomy on the continental divide in NM.
I took along a couple of gallons of Solalgal Fuel (Algal BioButanol
made using only solar energy.)
27 June 2007 I put the algal BioButanol to a very severe driving
drove the AlgaeMobile eastward through, Colorado I-70 on petroleum
gasoline, until I had intentionally let the tank run out of
gas (which occurred about ¼ mile west of Eagle, CO).
I added 1 US quart of (solar energy only) algal sourced biomass
BioButanol Biogasoline, (just to purge any residual petrol
gasoline out of the tank, and engine) and drove, until the
tank was again empty, (at just about 0.2 miles east of Wolcott,
CO). Then, I added another 1 US quart of (solar energy only)
algal sourced BioButanol Biogasoline, (to purge any tiny amount
of remaining residual petrol gasoline out of the tank and
engine) and drove until the tank was again empty (about 1
mi west of Dowd's Junction, CO).
I added a measured US gallon of the precious "SolAlgal" BioButanol
and drove 49.6 miles, (including up a long 7% steep grade,
way up to, and through the Eisenhower Tunnel, under the US
Continental Divide at the Loveland Pass, CO, at over two miles
altitude!) until finally running out of the "SolAlgal" BioButanol
Biogasoline, at Silverdale Colorado, on the long downward
slopes of the descending Interstate 70, well down the eastern
side of the Continental Divide.
was a preliminary trial; a power/altitude test, just to test
the power, and performance, of BioButanol Biogasoline under
extremely sever conditions, as well as to test the ability
of the AlgaeMobile's (stock car) computer, to get the stoichiometry
right, for the fuel-air mixture, even at extremely high altitudes.
no simple feat.
Eisenhower Tunnel is one of the longest tunnels in the world
It is 8,941 feet (1.69mi) long, with a height of 48 feet,
and a width of 40 feet.
Eisenhower Tunnel, at Loveland Pass in CO, is the highest
part of any Interstate Highway, in the US.
It's probably, is also the highest, vehicular tunnel in
official elevations are 11,013 at the east portal, 11,112
at the midway point, and 11,158 at the west portal, which
is likely the HIGHEST altitude tunnel on planet Earth!
ascent approaches, from both West (7% grade) and East (6%
grade) are very steep.
lock, and overheating (partially due to the reduced radiator
heat transfer, into the rarified air at altitude which can
not cool the radiator very well that high up!), are common
events, in cars and trucks, on the approaches. In the week
before July 4, one year, 42 vehicles stalled and two caught
fire in the tunnel!
this was the perfect place, to test SolAlgal BioButanol biomass
Biogasoline, under the most severe conditions imaginable,
with regards to high altitude performance, under very severe
Interstate driving conditions.
results were very encouraging!
only was the mileage, a couple of MPG BETTER than petroleum
gasoline, but the high altitude power performance, on the
steep 7% grade leading up to the mountain pass was outstanding.
when using petroleum gasoline on a long 7% grade I will need
to downshift the 5 speed manual transmission from 4th
to 3rd gear, since the engine cant quite keep the
RPM's up without "lugging" the engine.
on a long, steep 5 mile, 7% grade, I would generally spend
about 30% of the time in 4th gear and 70% in 3rd
gear with petrol gasoline.
the BioButanol Biogasoline I was able to maintain the engine
RPM's in 4th gear, without "lugging" much longer,
and spent about 50% of the ascent in 4th gear and
50% in 3rd gear!
testing, has given me the needed confidence, that the AlgaeMobile,
will make the BioButanol fueled trip from New York City, to
San Diego California, without choking in the mountain passes.
the main remaining hurdle, is to finish making the remaining
50-55 gallons of "SolAlgal" Biomass BioButanol Biogasoline
fuel, that I will need to complete the transcontinental BioButanol
Dr. David Remey's 1995 Butanol fueled, transcontinental drive,
which merely used purchased petroleum industry sourced, (non
bio) fossil-fuel Butanol, refined using fossil fuel power
sources, my planned demonstration drive (if successful) will
use only home-made, home-refined, solar energy sourced only,
algal biomass bioButanol fuel.
think, that this is a very important distinction.
Remey simply purchased his fossil sourced Butanol, from Ashland
want absolutely no oil company involvement at all…not even
as a sponsor!
will use a non-petroleum, fully synthetic oil, rather than
petroleum oil, as the engine lubricant as well!
want all the energy for the SolAlagal BioButanol demonstration
drive, to come from solar photosynthesis, solar photovoltaic,
or solar thermal energy sources used to create, and refine,
and distill, and process, every drop of fuel that I will use
to make the transcontinental demonstration drive.
Vail, CO Pass Segment Of The Test Was Run On 100% SolAlgal
I was still carrying about 400LBS of solar thermal tubes,
that were bound for Denver, CO in the back of the AlgaeMobile,
(when I left Richmond, VA there were twice that many on-board)
so it could have easily done 50 MPG + had I not been carrying
a lot of extra weight onboard.
I could have simply coasted downhill, gaining, perhaps another
10 or 15 MPG, (which would have been completely fair, since
the uphill leg was on BioButanol power!) but the steep downhill
grade, made me stop when the 1 gallon of SolAlgal BioButanol
fuel ran out.
the engine power, the vacuum brake assist would not work properly
on the steep decline grades, east of the Continental divide.
I, therefore, decided, not to try to coast any farther, with
no engine power, for safety reasons, and to keep from overheating
"AlgaeMobile is an unmodified, "stock car"
1.0 Liter 3 cylinder throttle-body fuel-injected 1992 Geo
Metro, with a 5 speed manual transmission and a curb weight
of 1,368 LBS.
Pie Town NM (10,000 FT) I am installing a couple of community
food cooking versions, of the same basic Stationary Solar
Energy Concentrating Solar Oven that is used in BioButaanol
refinery for the sterilization (pasteurization) of the wet
algal biomass concentrate.
sterilization (pasteurization) kills all the living cells
including the algal cells and any other bacteria or zooplankton
so that might be hitchhiking a ride into the refinery anaerobic
fermentation Bioreactor. That prevents growing any undesired
invader species so that the only organism that can grow is
the desired inoculate from the BioCulture Bacteria Inoculate
Town will serve as the high altitude solar UV exposure materials
lab, as well as the AstroLab.
Stationary Solar Energy Concentrating Solar Ovens located
there, will be used for community events to bake 12 pies at
a time from sunshine. There will be another for cooking barbeques
and the like.
Town, NM is world famous for its, (perfect high desert plateau
climate) sun dried apple pies.
solar ovens will be used at the annual Pie festival as well
as for the Pie In The Sky star Festival and some alternative
energy workshops planed there.
just threw a couple of gallons of BioButanol on board in Richmond,
VA before leaving for the US southwest.
I had planed to just test burn some of the BioButanol on the
return trip the last hundred miles or so, in the VA/ West
VA mountains as I returned to Richmond.
did take some photos, (some not yet developed) and had been
pre-acclimated to the high altitude, for a week already, at
the Pie Town, NM AstroLab (also on the US continental divide)
where I spent a full week at altitude, installing, and upgrading
solar PV systems, to run several new telescopes and a future
24 inch Robotic Schmidt Camera system.
at the last minute someone in UT suddenly Internet purchased
some extra solar equipment which I had onboard, and, so, I
delivered that to Kanab, UT.
last minute change in routing took me through the I-70 corridor
through (the absolutely magnificent Colorado River) Glenwood
Canyon, and then, right into the most rugged part, of the
high Colorado Rockies.
because I happened to already have the SolAlgal BioButanol
on-board, and, because my body was already fully conditioned,
and fully acclimated to high altitude, and because the chance
was simply just to good to pass up; at the last minute, I
decided, "what the heck, I may have to walk home, but I was
hell bent on taking on the 11,000 Ft Loveland, Co Rocky Mountain
High Pass on BioButanol!"
I took a bold/foolish gamble, and planned to let the gas tank
run out, and then planned to burn 1 measured gallon of the
BioButanol over the most challenging, grueling, and rigorously
steep stretch of high altitude US Interstate Highway.
I ran out of BioButanol in Silverdale, CO., I just used a
5 gallon can of petroleum gasoline to refill the tank to get
to Denver, CO.
would have stopped at the NREL (National Renewable Energy
Labs) in Golden CO on the way into Denver, but I had not planned
for that or made any appointments there, and, I was trying
to outrun some fast approaching storms, that had already flash-flooded
parts of Texas and Oklahoma
AlgaeMobile performed flawlessly the whole trip even after
the Rocky BioButanol Mountain Road Test Adventure.
only mechanical problem encountered on the entire trip, was
the mechanical failure of the driver's side windshield wiper
regulator arm retaining clip, during the Texas Oklahoma, and
Kansas flash-flooding events that had me "high water dancing"
all the way back to the Mississippi River.
as it turned out, I did not have to walk back to Richmond,
but I did have to do the high water shuffle with high water
spilling over roads…made it back just in the nick of time
ahead of the biggest high plains flash-flooding since 1928!
brings really new meaning to the term "high plains drifter!"
-70 In Glenwood Canyon, CO hugs the Colorado River East of
the Grand Canyon
Transportation Use River Basin
Opportunities Really Are Quite Abundant, Along the Colorado
River, and US Interstate Highway I-70, in Glenwood Canyon,
Powered Bio-Diesel Refinery
Solar Algae growth CO2 Aqualung
Thermal Energy Capture Tubes
(for hot water/heating)
Gently used by Uncle Sam!
These are evacuated thermal solar collector
tubes....the most efficient solar collectors available. They
are 46 inches long, by 2 inches in diameter. Water flows in
the central tube and collector space, surrounded by two outer
tubes with a vacuum between them. The water gets so hot that
it will boil, so water must be kept moving by a circulation
Maximum temperature is about 250 degrees F….. Hot enough
to heat your home with a hydronic radiator system, or heat
your domestic hot water.
tube captures approximately 80-150 watts or 300-450 BTU/HR.
Works even in the coldest climates!
mount on 4-inch centers and are 2 inches OD.
They are often combined with multiple tubes in an array, however,
just the solar capture tubes are being offered. Combined with
manifolds, this is an inexpensive way to capture a lot of
solar energy to make domestic hot water or heat for the home.
Each evacuated tube consists of two glass tubes made from
extremely strong borosilicate glass. The outer tube is transparent
allowing light rays to pass through with minimal reflection.
The inner tube is coated with a special selective coating,
which features excellent solar radiation absorption when compared
to conventional flat plate collector systems. The top of the
two tubes are fused together and the air contained in the
space between the two layers of glass is pumped out while
exposing the tube to high temperatures. This "evacuation"
of the gasses forms a vacuum, which is an important factor
in the performance of the evacuated tubes.
A heat pipe is inserted into the length of the tube. The heat
pipes contain a special fluid that allows solar radiation
to be absorbed and transferred to the stored hot water very
efficiently. Solar heat energy gets trapped inside, and cannot
escape except via the fluid…. air if you prefer. The
solar heating fluid is separate from the water to be heated
and is connected to the solar cylinder via a heat exchanger.
The maximum temperature reaches 250F-300 F+ in bright sunlight
and each tube can boil more than a pound of water per hour,
but you would not want to let steam actually form, so about
180 F maximum water delivery temperature (determined by flow
The tubes must be angled at a specific degree above horizontal
so that the process of vaporizing and condensing functions.
There are two types of collector connection to the solar circulation
system. Either the heat exchanger extends directly into the
manifold ("wet connection") or it is connected to
the manifold by a heat-conducting material ("dry connection").
A "dry connection" allows to exchange individual
tubes without emptying the entire system of its fluid.
Evacuated tubes offer the advantage that they work efficiently
with high absorber temperatures and with low radiation. Higher
temperatures also may be obtained for applications such as
hot water heating, steam production, and air conditioning.
Evacuated tubes can still work efficiently even on cloudy
days, because it is able to absorb the energy from infrared
rays passed through clouds.
You could also use the heat to desorb ammonia from calcium
chloride salt to make your own "Crosley Icy Ball"
solar powered refrigerator for off-grid living!
These solar capture tubes were made by Owings-Illinois Glass
Company, for Sunpac.
are made of extremely strong borosilicate glass.
They cost Uncle Sam $250.00 per tube new.
These solar capture tubes were working well, when removed
from a large hot water system in order to add on to an existing
building. Each tube is re-tested before sale.
Manifolds are not included, but we will provide plans for
do-it yourself manifolds, using standard plumbing fittings
that can be found at any good home improvement store, or we
can provide tube-ready manifolds at a very reasonable
Now available at
the Fossil Freedom Store